Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) Ammonia (NH3) is a toxic gas that is colorless and pungent and better called anhydrous ammonia. When ammonia is used in combination with carbon dioxide to create urea, it is the building block chemical for lots of agricultural fertilizers. Until the end of the nineteenth century, approximately all fertilizers were organic in the modern sense. They were derived from composting agricultural, animal and human waste. As the world population increased, so did its need to feed itself. Lots of years of slash and burn agriculture, along with raising the same crops in the same fields for generations had led to serious soil depletion. Imported guano was getting expensive as crops yields were falling. Haber’s process of directly combining nitrogen and hydrogen to create ammonia created an entire synthetic fertilizer industry in Europe and North America. Once high quality, abundant and affordible ammonia came on the market, in addition to agricultural chemicals, a original synthetic dye industry developed, as well as the first successful automatic document duplication process. Today most world-scale ammonia is created and directly utilized in the agriculture industries. Cylinder quantities of Anhydrous 99.99% Pure Ammonia are also used in agricultural and fertilizer research, metal treatment, wastewater treatment and pharmaceuticals, and when mixed with water to create aqueous ammonia, in cleaning products. Ultra High Purity Ammonia, 99.999% is used as a blending component in calibration gases for emission and personal hygiene monitoring, as well as some specialty semiconductor manufacturing. Western Michigan customers looking for a reliable, local source to produce ammonia specialty gases should contact GTW. Their strong record of service in the area coupled with the backing from PurityPlus® Specialty Gases makes giving them an easy decision.